Small logo
Sex in the West Bibliography: Nardi - Rusho

[Homepage] [Introduction] [Cowboy Poetry] [Cowboy Songs] [Postcards]

[Sex in the West Introduction] [Contents] [Previous page] [Next page]

Sex in the West Bibliography: Nardi - Rusho

* Indicates from the collection of Alan V. Miller

* Nardi, Peter M. "Friendship." p.356-358. In Gay histories and cultures: an encyclopedia. Edited by George E. Haggerty. New York; London: Garland, 2000. (The encyclopedia of lesbian and gay histories and cultures, vol. 2)

Cowboy series:

Cowboy series: "Broken in", 191-

  Nardi, Peter M. Gay men's friendships: invincible communities / Peter M. Nardi. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1999. 253 p.

  Nash, Roderick. The nervous generation: American thought, 1917-1930 / Roderick Nash. Chicago, IL: Rand McNally, 1970. 178 p.

Cowboy series:

Cowboy series: "Roped", 191-

  Neihardt, John G. (1881-1973) Lyric and dramatic poems / John G. Neihardt. Lincoln, NB: University of Nebraska Press, 1965.

  Neihardt, John G. "Poor Walt." Saint Louis dispatch. Apr. 11, 1927, p.23.

* Neihardt, John G. The song of Hugh Glass / John G. Neihardt. New York: Macmillan, 1915.

Cowboy series:

Cowboy series: "The Tenderfoot", 191-

* Newlin, Jon. "Lesbian and gay New Orleans history: Madame John Dodt's legacy #7." Ambush magazine (New Orleans). vol.14, no.20, [1996].

On William Spratling's life while living in New Orleans, and his friendships with William Faulkner, Sherwood Anderson, and Hart Crane.

* Newton, Ester. Cherry Grove, Fire Island: sixty years in America's first gay and lesbian town / Ester Newton. Boston, MA: Beacon, 1993.

   Nissen, Axel. Manly love: romantic friendship in American fiction. Chicago; London: The University of Chicago Press, 2009. 229 p.

"The earliest explicit linking of homeless men with the emerging discourse on homosexuality that I have located is 'Homosexuality among Tramps,'  which appears as an appendix to Havelock Ellis and John Addington Symond's Sexual Inversion (1897). The author of the article is 'Josiah Flynt' Willard (1869-1907), who after spending extended periods of time on the road and in tramp 'jungles' emerged toward the end of the nineteenth century, according to DePastino, as 'the nation's premier expert on tramps.' ... Flynt identifies what he calls 'three distinct classes' of 'low life': the 'Kids,' the 'Natives,' and the 'Old Bucks' -- that is to say, children between ten and fifteen years of age, middle-aged men, and elderly men." p.145 

Cowboy series:

Cowboy series: "Branding", 191-

   O'Brien, Sharon. Willa Cather: the emerging voice / Sharon O'Brien. New York: Ballantine, 1987.

Cather (1873-1947) who grew up in Red Cloud, Nebraska, tried to destroy much of her correspondence, and avoided being labeled as a lesbian. Her attempts to conceal and camoflage are outlined by O'Brien's biography. Cahter's novel, Death Comes for the Archbishop (1927), takes place in Santa Fe. She had a summer home on Grand Manon, in Canada.

   Oliker, S.J. Best friends and marriage: exchange among women /  S.J. Oliker. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1989. 213 p.

Oliker makes the distinction between romantic friendship and intimate friendship: the former declined after the 19th centur, but intimate friendships continued. The decline was linked to greater mixed-gender socializing, increased dating, the spread of psychoanalytic assumption about eroticism, rise of consumer culture and advertising, increased value of companionate marriage and change in structure of work and occupation. See: p.29-30.

* Over the edge: remapping the American West. Edited by Valerie J. Matsumoto and Blake Allmendinger. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 1999. 399 p.

Cowboy series:

Cowboy series: "The Round-up", 191-

* Paley, Amit R. "The secret court of 1920." Harvard crimson. Nov. 21, 2002. (Harvard crimson online: and; 2 parts, 19pp, viewed Jan. 10, 2003).

After investigations of the suicide of Cyril B. Wilcox a purge of about 14 suspected homosexuals, several being students at Harvard University, took place and the record was suppressed. Those investigated were blacklisted and forced out of Cambridge, Massachusetts. Under interrogation the names of those suspected came forth: Cyril B. Wilcox (who committed suicide), Harry Dreyfus[s], Kenneth B. Day, Harold W. Saxton, Ernest Weeks Roberts, Eugene R. Cummings (who also committed suicide in 1920), Pat [Ned] Courtney, Edward A. Say, Nathaniel S. Wollf, Joseph E. Lumbard, Jr., William Toomey, Keith P. Smerage (also committed suicide in 1930), Stanley Gilkey, Douglas B. Clark. Interesting also for the use of the terms "bringing out," "faggots," "faggoty," "homosexuality," and "queer" -- to say nothing of the telling letters sent to the parents of those named.

Donald [Douglas] Clark moved on to California's Mills College and published a book of poetry, The single glow, using the name "Axton Clark." He later moved to Denver and was librarian at the National Jewish Hospital.

* Paskman, Dailey; Spaeth, Sigmund. 'Gentlemen, be seated!': a parade of old-time minstrels / Dailey Paskman and Sigmund Spaeth. Garden City, NY: Doubleday, Doran, and Co., 1928. 247 p.

Cowboy series:

Cowboy series: "Calling the Bluff", 191-

*  Paulson, Don; Simpson, Roger. An evening at the Garden of Allah: a gay cabaret in Seattle / Don Paulson with Roger Simpson. New York: Columbia University Press, 1996. 167 p.

   Peculiar people: Mormons and same-sex orientation. Salt Lake City, UT: Signature Books, 1991.

* Pellegrini, Ann. "A gay purge at Harvard, 1920." Gay and lesbian review worldwide 10(2): 10-12, March-April 2003.

Covers the same story uncovered by Amit R. Paley, on the suicide of Cyril B.Wilcox and others. Charles B. Clark is mentioned as the person forced from his Ph.D. program.

You can't get gay here, postcard, 1912

"You can't get gay here."

Chicago, IL: United States Publishing House, 1912. Copyright Max Stein.

* Peterson, Jane T. "‘Not as other boys': Robert Edmond Jones and designs of desire." p.338-364. In Staging desire: queer readings of American theater history / Edited by Kim Marra and Robert A. Schanke. Ann Arbor, MI: University of Michigan Press, 2002. 404 p.

"During the first two decades of his career, Jones's [1887-1954] theories and designs had a far-reaching impact on commercial and experimental theater alike, including a number of historically significant ‘firsts' in American theater." p.338.

"My long-held suspicion that the gaps in the story of Bobby Jones's life were, at least in part, a function of his very closeted homosexuality was affirmed by a particularly authoritative oral transmission of historical information. A well-known senior theater scholar who wishes to remain anonymous provided confirmation of Jones's homosexuality to Kim Marra, one of the co-editors of this volume." p.339.

Jones met Marsden Hartley and Charles Demuth through John Reed and Mabel Dodge. They all worked with the Provincetown Players in 1915-1916. In 1918 he travelled to Taos with Andrew Dasburg. He also mounted designs in New Mexico and Colorado in 1934, 1935, 1938 and 1941. (See The theatre of Robert Edmond Jones. Edited and with a chronology by Ralph Pendelton. Middelton, CT: Wesleyan University Press, 1958.)

  Petrik, Paula. No step backward / Paula Petrik. Helena, MT: Historical Society Press, 1987.

Was held up here, postcard, 1912

"Was held up here."

Chicago, IL: United States Publishing House, 1912. Copyright Max Stein.

   Pleck, E.; Pleck, J. The American man / E. Pleck and J. Pleck. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1980.

"Men created opportunities to socialize independent of women, develop relationships with each other, some intimate ... encourage manly intimacy and affection, a love between equals, which was often lacking in sentiments toward the other sex." See: p.13.

* Plummer, Ken. "Mapping the sociological gay: past, presents and futures of a sociology of same sex relations." p.46-60. In Lesbian and gay studies: an introductory interdisciplinary approach. Edited by Theo Sandfort, Judith Schuyf, Jan Willem Duyvendak, and Jeffrey Weeks. London: Sage Publications, 2000.

* Prescott, Peter S. "Women on the frontier." Newsweek. March 16, 1981, p.88

Review of Pioneer women: voices from the Kansas frontier, by Joanna L. Stratton. "One woman, for instance, remembers a queerly dressed woman arriving at her house with a heavy satchel, asking to spend the night; only later was she told her quest was Jesse James."

I could do this forever, postcard, 1912

"I could do this forever."

Chicago, IL: United States Publishing House, 1912. Copyright Max Stein.

* Quinn, D. Michael. Same-sex dynamics among nineteenth-century Americans : a Mormon example / D. Michael Quinn. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, c1996. 477 p.

* Rechnitzer, Peter A. "Dr. Bucke and Walt Whitman's homosexuality." Pharos. 48(4): 27-30, Fall 1985.

  Reddin, P. Wild West Shows /  P. Reddin.  Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press, 1999. 312 p.

* Richards, Jeffrey. "'Passing the love of women': manly love and Victorian society." ch.5, p.92-122. In Manliness and morality: middle-class masculinity in Britain and America, 1800-1940. Edited by J.A. Mangan and James Walvin. Manchester: Manchester University Press, 1987. 278 p.

* Richards, Neil. "All frocked up: glimpses of cross-dressing in Saskatchewan" / curated by Neil Richards. Saskatoon, SK: University of Saskatchewan Library, 2003. [4] p.

Online exhibit:

An excellent display of female impersonation, and some male impersonation, in western Canada, during the early part of the 20th century. It's Canadian and it's excellent.

I hope you won't forget me, postcard, 1912

"I hope you won't forget me."

Chicago, IL: United States Publishing House, 1912. Copyright Max Stein.

* Riggs, Lynn (1899-1954). Green grow the lilacs: a play / Lynn Riggs. New York: Samuel French, 1931.

  Riley, James Whitcomb. The letters of James Whitcomb Riley. Edited by Lyon Phelps. Indianapolis, IN: Bobbs-Merrill, 1930.

* Robb, Graham. Strangers: homosexual love in the 19th [nineteenth] century . London: Picador (Pan Macmillan); New York: Norton, 2003 342pp.

See review by Susan Feldman; mostly European content.

  Robertson, James. "Horatio Alger, Andrew Carnegie, Abraham Lincoln and the cowboy." Midwest quarterly. 20: 253, 1979.

  Robinson, Paul. The modernization of sex / Paul Robinson. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1989, c1976. 200 p.

On my broncho from dear Cheyenne, postcard, 1907

"On my broncho from dear Cheyenne."

Germany: Th.E.L. (ThEL), 1907. "Made in Germany." "Photo only copyright 1907, De Witt C. Wheeler." Theochrom Serie no.18070-4

  Rodger, Gillian. Male impersonation on the North American variety and vaudeville stages, 1868-1930 / Gillian. Rodger. PhD dissertation. University of Pittsburgh, 1998.

* Roediger, David R. The wages of whiteness: race and the making of the American working class / David R. Roediger. London; New York: Verso, 1991. 191 p.

"The shows would not have wholly disappointed those seeking titillation. They of course transcended the bonds of decorum set by revivalists and propurity reformers, not to mention the male artisan-based Graham Society, whose devotees ate bland food to curb the flow of sexual juices and harness their energies for productive purposes. Minstrelsy contained its full share of sexual puns, including homoerotic ones. It included very considerable transvestism -- with troupes being almost univerally all-male and with early minstrel stars gaining fame for 'looking the wench'." p.121

See: "White skins, black masks: minstrelsy and white working class formation before the Civil War." p.115-122

  Rogin, Michael. Subversive genealogy: the politics and art of Herman Melville / Michael Rogin. New York: Knopf, 1979. 354 p.

Here is room for two dear, but after the wedding, postcard, 1907

"Here is room for two dear, but after the wedding."

Germany: Th.E.L. (ThEL), 1907. "Made in Germany." "Photo only copyright 1907, De Witt C. Wheeler." Theochrom Serie no.18070-2

  Rollins, Philip Ashton. The cowboy: an unconventional history of civilization on the old-time cattle range / Philip Ashton Rollins. Albuquerque, NM: University of New Mexico Press, 1979.

  Roscoe, Will. "That is my road: the life and times of a Crow berdache. Montana: the magazine of Western history. 40: 46-55, 1990.

* Roscoe, Will. "Was We'wha a homosexual? Native American survivance and the two-spirit tradition." GLQ. 2(3): 193-235, 1995.

Sweet Ann, Sweet Ann, hop on my broncho, postcard, 1907

"Sweet Ann, Sweet Ann, hop on my broncho."

Germany: Th.E.L. (ThEL), 1907. "Made in Germany." "Photo only copyright 1907, De Witt C. Wheeler." Theochrom Serie no.18070-1

  Rosenberg, Charles. "Sexuality, class and role in 19th-century America." p.219-254. In The American man. Edited by Elizabeth Pleck and Joseph H. Pleck. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1980.

* Ross, Becki. "Bumping and grinding on the line: making nudity pay." Labour/le travail. 46 : 221-250, Fall 2000.

  Rothman, Ellen K. Hands and hearts: a history of courtship in America / Ellen K. Rothman. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1987, c1984. 370 p.

  Rotundo, E. Anthony. American manhood: transformations in masculinity from the Revolution to the modern era / E. Anthony Rotundo. New York: Basic Books, 1993. 382 p.

Home we will ride honey, as one, postcard, 1907

"Home we will ride honey, as one."

Germany: Th.E.L. (ThEL), 1907. "Made in Germany." "Photo only copyright 1907, De Witt C. Wheeler." Theochrom Serie no.18070-2

  Rotundo, E. Anthony. "Body and soul: changing ideals of American middle-class manhood." Journal of social history. 16: 23-28, 1983.

* Rotundo, E. Anthony. "Learning about manhood: gender ideals and the middle-class family in nineteenth-century America." ch.2, p.35-51. In Manliness and morality: middle-class masculinity in Britain and America, 1800-1940. Edited by J.A. Mangan and James Walvin. Manchester: Manchester University Press; New York: St Martin's Press, 1987.

*  Rotundo, E. Anthony. "Romantic friendship: male intimacy and middle-class youth in the northern United States, 1800-1900. Journal of social history. 23(1) pt.1: 1-25, 1989.

* Ruess, Everett. On desert trails with Everett Ruess / Everett Ruess. With introduction by Hugh Lacy, and foreword by Randall Henderson, editor Desert Magazine. Palm Desert, CA: Desert Magazine Press, 1950. 80 p. 2nd ed. Includes some poems.

* Ruess, Everett. On desert trails with Everett Ruess. Commemorative ed. Introduction by Hugh Lacy; foreword by Randall Henderson; edited and with an afterword by Gary James Bergera; epilogue by W.L. Rusho. Salt Lake City, UT: Gibbs Smith, 2000. Originally published by Desert Magazine Press, El Centro, California, 1940. 130 p. Includes some poems.

In his epilogue, W.L. Rusho comments: "Mark Taylor, author of Sandstone Sunsets: In Search of Everett Ruess ... a book that deals tangentially with Everett's disappearance, makes the conjecture -- based, as the author states, on 'unsubstantiated evidence' -- that Emery Kolb [a photographer living on the south rim of the Grand Canyon] may have been gay or at least bisexual. On the same type of evidence, Taylor further suggests that while on a photographic trip to southern Utah, Kolb killed Everett for rejecting his advances. Furthermore, he believes the skeleton in Kolb's boat [found after Kolb's death] was only 5 feet 7 inches tall and could indeed have been Everett." p.104

Gary Bergera suggests that perhaps Everett committed suicide, but also brings up his sexual orientation, p.115-116.

* Ruess, Everett. Wilderness journals of Everett Ruess. Edited and with an introduction by W.L. Rusho. Salt Lake City, UT: Gibbs Smith, 1998. 216 p.

  Rupp, Leila. A desired past: a short history of same-sex love in America / Leila Rupp. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1999. 199 p.

* Rusho, W.L. Everett Ruess: a vagabond for beauty / W.L. Rusho. With letters of Everett Ruess ; introduction by John Nichols; afterword by Edward Abbey. Salt Lake City, UT: Gibbs M. Smith (Peregine Smith Books), 1983. 228 p.

[Sex in the West Introduction] [Contents] [Previous page] [Next page]

[Homepage] [Introduction] [Cowboy Poetry] [Cowboy Songs] [Postcards]

Small logo "Whereof the shining goal was comradeship."
Contact owner: Alan V. Miller at
Last revised: November 16, 2011