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Sex in the West Bibliography: Daniel - Fussell

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Sex in the West Bibliography: Daniel - Fussell

* Indicates from the collection of Alan V. Miller

  Daniel, F.E. "Castration of sexual perverts." Texas medical journal. 9(6): 255-271, December 1893.

Alan V. Miller on pony, 1951

Alan V. Miller on pony, 1951, Cornwall, Ontario

  Daniel, F.E. "Castration of sexual perverts." Texas medical journal. 27: 369-385, 1911-1912.

  Davis, Ronald L. A history of opera in the American West / Ronald L. Davis. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1965. 178 p.

* D'Emilio, John. "The stuff of history: first-person accounts of gay male lives." Journal of the history of sexuality. 3(2): 314-319, October 1992.

Alan V. Miller on pony, 1983

Alan V. Miller on pony, 1983, Wall Drug Store, Wall, South Dakota

* D'Emilio, John. Sexual politics, sexual communities: the making of a homosexual minority in the United States, 1940-1970 / John D'Emilio. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1983.

One of the influential books on lesbian/gay history, although it covers material more recent than the pre-WWII period.

  D'Emilio, John; Freedman, Estelle B. Intimate matters: a history of sexuality in America / John D'Emilio and Estelle B. Freedman. New York: Harper and Row, 1988.

David Hayes on pony, 1958

David Hayes on pony, 1958, [Toronto]

* Deitcher, David. Dear friends: American photographs of men together, 1840-1918 / David Deitcher. New York: Abrams, 2001. 159 p.

* Delpar, Helen. "The color of silver: William Spratling, his life and art / The silver gringo : William Spratling and Taxco." The Hispanic American historical review. 81(2): 399-401, May 2001.

Marcella, U.S.A., 1939

Marcella, [U.S.A.], 1939

  Diggs, Marylynne. "Romantic friends or a 'different race of creatures'? The representation of lesbian pathology in nineteenth-century America." Feminist studies. 21(2): 317-340, Summer 1995.

* Dijkstra, Bram. Idols of perversity: fantasies of feminine evil in fin-de-siecle culture / Bram Dijkstra. New York; Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1986. 453 p.

Marcella, U.S.A., 1939

Marcella, [U.S.A.], 1939

  Dorson, Richard M. American folklore and the historian / Richard M. Dorson. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press, 1971.

  Duberman, Martin B. About time exploring the gay past / Martin B. Duberman. New York: Dutton, 1991. 377 p.

Young boy on pony, W.J. Nolan, Cambridge,

Cambridge, Mass.: W.J. Nolan and Co., 1900s

* Duberman, Martin B. "'Writhing bedfellows' in Antebellum South Carolina: historical interpretation and the politics of evidence." p.153-168. In Hidden from history: reclaiming the gay and lesbian past. Edited by Martin Duberman, Martha Vicinus and George Chauncey. New York: New American Library, 1989.

 * Duberman, Martin Bauml; Eggan, Fred; Clemmer, Richard (eds.). "Documents in Hopi Indian sexuality: imperialism, culture and resistance." Radical history review. 20: 99-130, Spring/Summer 1979.

From previously unaccessible Smithsonian ethnographic material eight "depositions" or affidavits, recorded between 1914 and 1921 in New Mexico and Arizona, are used by the authors.

* Duggan, Lisa. Sapphic slashers: sex, violence, and American modernity / Lisa Duggan. Durham, NC; London [England]: Duke University Press, 2000. 310 p.

* Duggan, Lisa. "The trials of Alice Mitchell: sensationalism, sexology, and the lesbian subject in turn-of-the-century America." Signs. 18(1): 791-814, 1993.
Two unidentified girls dressed as cowgirls, U.S.A., 1930s

Two unidentified girls dressed as cowgirls, [U.S.A.], 1930s

* Durden, Michelle "Not just a leg show: gayness and male homoeroticism in burlesque, 1868-1877." Thirdspace 3(2): ?, March 2004. Mostly on New York, Boston and San Francisco

   Edmonds, Sarah Emma. Nurse and spy in the Union Army. Hartford, CT: W.S. Williams, 1865. (Originally published as Unsexed, or, the female soldier. Philadelphia: Philadelphia Publishing, 1864.)

Born in New Brunswick, Canada, at age 15 she posed as a man, "Frank Thompson," moved to Flint, Michigan. Here, in 1861, she joined the Michigan Infantry.

* Egan, Geoffrey. These things may lead to the tragedy of our species: notes toward a history of homosexuality in Canada, 1890- 1930 / Geoffrey Egan. Paper for Concordia University history course N312/3, April 1980. 32, [13] p. Copy at the Canadian Lesbian and Gay Archives, Accession 1995-135.

* Eitner, Walter H. Walt Whitman's western jaunt / Walter H. Eitner. Lawrence, KS: Regents Press of Kansas, 1981. 123 p.

* Eldredge, Charles C. "The faraway nearby: New Mexico and the modern landscape." In Eldredge, Charles C.; Schimmel, Julie; Truettner, William H. Art in New Mexico, 1900-1945: paths to Taos and Santa Fe. Washington, DC: National Museum of American Art; New York: Abbeville Press, 1986. 227 p.

"In 1981, twenty-five years after Joseph Sharp first painted at Taos, Marsden Hartley was lured there by the recent convert Mabel Dodge (Luhan). For him, it was to be a brief, but significant, experience in his restless career, during which he developed a distinctive response to landscape ... His celebrity, and his vanity, did little to endear him to the established painters in Taos, which he in turn dismissed as 'the stupidest place I ever fell into ... a society of cheap artists from Chicago and New York." p.153

* Ellis, Havelock. Studies in the psychology of sex / Havelock Ellis. Vol. 1. New York: Random House, 1937, c1905.

* Eltinge, Julian. "Julian Eltinge." In F. Michael Moore Drag! Male and female impersonators on stage, screen and television. Jefferson, NC: McFarland and Company, 1994. p.95-115.

* Emery, Kim. "Steers, queers and manifest destiny: representing the lesbian subject in turn-of-the-century Texas." Journal of the history of sexuality. 5(1): 26-57, July 1994.

* Encyclopedia of homosexuality. Edited by Wayne Dynes. New York: Garland, 1990.

* Ericksen, Julia A. Kiss and tell: surveying sex in the twentieth century / by Julia A. Ericksen with Sally A. Steffen. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999.

* Ernest, Robert. Weakness is a crime: the life of Bernarr Macfadden. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1991. 278 p.

Bernarr Macfadden (1868-1955) was the publisher of the magazine Physical Culture (1899-1947). In 1907, he was arrested for circulating obscene materials through the mails to a minor -- a 16-year-old girl who received an issue of Physical Culture that included a frank short story on sexually-transmitted diseases.

* Escoffier, Jeffrey. "The political economy of the closet: notes toward an economic history of gay and lesbian life before Stonewall." p.123-134. In Homo economics: capitalism, community, and lesbian and gay life. New York: Routledge, 1997. 283 p.

Although the paper covers mostly the post-WWII period leading up to 1969, Escoffier notes: "The economic repercussions of social stigma and criminalization vary considerably, of course, in different historical periods, or in diverse communities, or in varied geographical regions; or for various characteristics like age, gender, physical traits, class or race. But organizing a social world around a stigmatized and illegal identity generates a number of predictable outcomes: one is that, in order to manage secrets, individuals' lives are shaped around the bifurcation between public and private space and time; a second is that many people with strong homosexual desires tend to migrate to large cities, which, because of their anonymity, offer an expanded space for the stigmatized private dimensions of homosexual life; a third is that whatever social life exists takes place in the shadow of protection rackets; a fourth is the necessity of coded cultural representations. All of these dimensions of lesbian and gay life in the postwar period had economic consequences." p.125-126.

   Essays on gay literature. Edited by Stuart Kellogg. New York: Harrington Park Press, 1985.
Young girl on pony, W.J. Nolan, Chicago,

Chicago, Ill.: W.J. Nolan and Co., 1900s

  Etulain, Richard W. "The historical development of the western." Journal of popular culture. 7: 717-726, Winter 1973.

  Etulain, Richard W. "Origins of the western." Journal of popular culture. 5: 799-805, Spring 1972.

  Etulain, Richard W. Western American literature: a bibliography on interpretive books and articles / Richard W. Etulain. Vermillion, SD: Dakota Press, 1972.

* Evans, R. Tripp. Grant Wood: a life. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 2010. 402 p.

Heavily illustrated and deals well with Wood's homosexuality.
See review by Deborah Solomon "Gothic American." New York Times Book Review, Oct. 31, 2010, p.6-7

* Ewers, John C. "In the California mines: Charles Nahl and Thomas A. Ayres." p.150-163. Artists of the old West. Garden City, NY: Doubleday and Co., 1965. 240 p.
Sunday morning in the mines, 1872

  "Sunday morning in the mines" (1872)

Although co-credited to some paintings, A. Wenderoth is not mentioned in the text; a younger half-brother, Hugo William Arthur Nahl, is mentioned. Both "Saturday evening in the mines" (1856) and "Sunday morning in the mines" (1872) are illustrated. On the right of the latter, in what I call the "cleanliness/godliness" half, the two bathers have been cropped.

"A shy bachelor, Charles lived with his mother and sister in a modest home on Bush Street [San Francisco] until his death in 1878, at the age of fifty-nine ... Charles Nahl's first-hand knowledge of mining camp life, his technical skill, his passion for accuracy in portraying miners as active, interesting human beings, and his productivity, make him the leading pictorial interpreter of the gold rush." p.159.

* Faderman, Lillian. "Review: Improper Bostonians." Lambda book report 7(2):10-11, September 1998.

Improper Bostonians (1998) recovers the lesbian and gay history of Boston, and includes many photographs of prominent names in art/literature of the east coast of the United States.

* Faderman, Lillian. Surpassing the love of men: romantic friendship and love between women from the Renaissance to the present / Lillian Faderman. New York: William Morrow, 1981. 496 p.

* Faderman, Lillian; Timmons, Stuart. Gay L.A.: a history of sexual outlaws, power politics, and lipstick lesbians. New York: Basic Books, 2006. 431 p.

See especially "The silent era," p.7- 137, for pre-1950s period, including early Hollywood.

* Fiedler, Leslie A. "The basic myths, I: the end of petticoat government." p.50-62. In The return of the vanishing American. New York: Stein and Day, 1968. 192 p.

   Fiedler, Leslie A. "Come back to the raft again, Huck, honey." Partisan review. June 1948.

   Fiedler, Leslie A. Love and death in the American novel / Leslie A. Fiedler. Cleveland, OH: World Pub. Co., 1964. 603 p.

   Fiedler, Leslie A. Love and death in the American novel / Leslie A. Fiedler. Rev. ed. New York: Stein and Day, 1966. 512 p.

   Fiedler, Leslie. What was literature: class culture and mass society / Leslie A. Fiedler. New York: Simon and Schuster, 1982. 258 p.

* Fischer, Erica. Aimée and Jaguar: a love story, Berlin 1943 / Erica Fischer. Translated from the German by Edna McCown. Los Angeles; New York: Alyson Books, 1998, c1994. 274 p.

Love story unfouls between Elisabeth Wust and Felice Schragenheim (1922-1944?), during the Nazi period in Germany.

   Fisher, Clive. Hart Crane: a life / Clive Fisher. New Haven, CT: Yale University Press, 2002. 567 p.

See part 6: "Mexico, March 1931-April 1932" p.439-506. American poet Hart Crane (1899-1932) committed suicide while returning to New York after a year in Mexico. There he met with Marsden Hartley, Witter Bynner and William Spratling. Crane's tormented life and alcoholism are dealt with in this section.
Walker Evans knew Crane and helped him prepare for his trip to Mexico. Earlier, Evans provided the frontispiece to Crane's book of poetry, The bridge.
See also biography by Paul Mariani.

  Flanagan, John T. "John G. Neihardt, chronicler of the West." Arizona quarterly. 21: 7-20, Spring 1965.

On the poet John G. Neihardt (1881-1973).

* Folsom. James K. The American Western novel / James K. Folsom. New Haven, CT: College & University Press, [1966]. 224 p.

   Forman, James. Soft cover manhood: the rise of the paperback and the fear of unmanliness, 1939-1959 / James Forman. PhD dissertation. University of Southern California, 1991.

   Foucault, Michel. "Friendship as a way of life." In Foucault live: interviews, 1966-1980. New York: Semiotext(e), ?. p204- 206

   Frantz, Joeb; Choate, Julian E. The American cowboy: the myth and the reality / Frantz Joeb and Julian E. Choate. Norman, OK: University of Oklahoma Press, 1968, c1955. 232 p. Reprint. London: Thames and Hudson, 1956.

Young boy on pony, United States, 1900s

[United States]: s.n, 1900s

   Franzen, Trisha. "Differences and identities: feminism and the Albuquerque lesbian community." Signs. 18(4): 891-906, Summer 1993.

* Freedman, Estelle B. "The prison lesbian: race, class and the construction of the aggressive female homosexual, 1915-1965." Feminist studies 22(2): 397-423, Summer 1996. (Reprinted in Sex, love, race: crossing boundaries in North American history. Edited by Martha Hodes. New York: New York University Press, 1999.)

Although not on western prisons, Freedman explores the criminological literature and records of the pre-WWII Massachusetts Reformatory for Women. Most accounts usually represented African-American women prisoners as masculine or aggressive and their white lovers as ‘normal' feminine women who return to heterosexual relations upon release from prison (p.399).

  From silence to celebration! A guide to Portland's historic gay sites. Portland, OR: Gay and Lesbian Archives of the Pacific Northwest. 199-

  Fussell, Paul. The Great War and modern memory / Paul Fussell. New York: Oxford University Press, 1975. 363 p.

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Last revised: March 20, 2012